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iasparliament
July 11, 2018
11 days
275
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Discuss the applications of big data in the field of disaster management. (200 words)

Refer – The Hindu

Enrich the answer from other sources, if the question demands.

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Shankaranand 24 hours

Please Review

Thank You

IAS Parliament 4 days

KEY POINTS

·        Big data - Big data can be defined as the collection of data sets which are large and complex and beyond the capacity of the conventional processing system.

·        Efficient data collection, archiving and analytics are essential for effective disaster management.

·        Big data analytics will dramatically cut down on the number of people impacted by disasters.

·        Collecting data on most vulnerable populations can be used to pursue ‘risk-informed development’.

·        For instance, road infrastructure can be built by calculating the intensity of floods and determining the types of materials needed to construct durable roads.

·        Data also help identify the gaps and makes recommendations on where to allocate resources to mitigate risks from disasters.

·        For example, flood-resistant roads can only be constructed if governments consider and review data about flood risks.

·        With such information, they can allocate appropriate funds for better road construction.

·        Big data also provides a deeper understanding about how an economy is interconnected: how devastation of a rice crop by a disaster can trigger a chain impact across several industries and services, such as transportation, rice-trading, packaging and retail.

·        With such valuable information, governments can anticipate disasters and reduce risks through preventive measures such as early warning systems, safety drills, and resilient infrastructure. 

VEDANT PRADHAN 10 days

review.

IAS Parliament 9 days

It was a little repetitive. Include more points on how the big data helps in disaster management along with where it helps. Keep Writing.

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