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Govt policies & Interventions

iasparliament
April 16, 2018
6 months
506
1

Government of India’s Aspirational Districts Programme (ADP) is a radical departure from the country’s previous development strategies in its scale, scope and ownership. Analyse (200 words)

Refer – The Hindu

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IAS Parliament 6 months

KEY POINTS

·        ADP aims to quickly and effectively transform some of India's most underdeveloped districts.

·        It will identify areas of immediate improvement, measure progress, and rank districts.

·        The programme is novel in so many ways:

·        Approach - This is the first time India’s most backward districts are being focussed.

·        ADP is a better vision of how public services are best delivered to those who need them the most.

·        Governance - Achieving success in this programme necessitates the contribution of all 3 tiers of government.

·        The role of states is important in terms of facilitating resource, personnel, etc.

·        On financial inclusion, the full cooperation of banks is necessary and only the Central government has leverage over them.

·        The most crucial is the role of District Magistrate or Collector.

·        As s/he is familiar with the challenges of his or her geography and has considerable power to implement government schemes.

·        Competitive federalism - The spirit of cooperation needs to be supplemented by a culture of competition.

·        ADP takes the principle of competitive federalism down to district administrations.

·        Civil society - ADP has opened its door to civil society and leveraged the tool of corporate social responsibility.

·        This will bring new ideas and fresh energy from non-government institutions, to join the “official” efforts.

·        Efficiency - Many schemes of the Centre have flexible spending components, permitting autonomy at local level.

·        But these are seldom used in practice due to controlling Central and State machineries.

·        Thus ADP focusses on not just spending more but spending better.

·        There is no financial package or large allocation of funds in ADP. 

·        It only aims at leveraging the already existing resources of several government programmes, to use them more efficiently.

·        Smart data - Data collection is often delayed or lacking in quality in India, distorting the development policy efforts.

·        With real time data in ADP, those on the ground level can alter strategies after accurate feedback.

·        In a way, the ADP reorients how government does its business of delivering development.

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