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iasparliament
February 08, 2019
2 months
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Why in news?

A delegation of the Dard Aryans recently submitted their charter of demands to Minister of State for Tribal Affairs.

Who are the Dard Aryans?

  • The word ‘Dard’ is derived from a Sanskrit word, ‘Daradas’, which means people who live on hillsides”.
  • They inhabit Dha, Hanu, Beema, Darchik and Garkone villages in Leh and Kargil districts and are together called the Aryan valley.
  • The people of this region have unique physical features, social life, ethnic culture and language.
  • Researchers believe that the ‘Aryans of Ladakh’ or the ‘Brokpas’ are descendants of Alexander’s army and had come to the region over 2,000 years ago.
  • They do not document their history.
  • They participate in a six-day festival, ‘Arya Utsav’, wherein the tribe follows liberal customs and kissing in the public is considered normal.

What are their customs?

  • They are mainly dependent on agriculture and the apricots grown here are considered among the best in the world.
  • There are 12 varieties of grapes in the region and Grape-wine is very popular in the “Aryan valley”.
  • They rear goat and sheep for milk and meat.
  • Their festivals are based on the solar calendar.
  • They worship trees, rivers and mountains.

What are their concerns?

  • The tribe is considered threatened due to their depleting numbers, which, at present, is around 4,000.
  • They are “educationally and economically backward”.
  • The perceive threat to the heritage of the community owing to modernisation, migration and religious conversion.
  • Over the last few decades, many of them have embraced Islam or Buddhism.
  • The community prohibits marriage with outsiders to keep the gene pool intact.
  • Of late, the Dard men have been migrating to other parts of the region (in search of livelihood) and marrying outside the tribe.
  • Thus, the tribe is struggling to find a balance between modernity and traditional values.
  • Also, after the Kargil War, development work in this region has been restricted, since it borders Pakistan-occupied Kashmir.

What are their demands before the government?

  • They have demanded that the government set up a tribal hostel and declare the “Aryan valley” a heritage village to boost tourism.
  • Besides, they have also asked for–
  1. A Dardi post be filled at J K Art, Culture and Language Academy in Kargil
  2. A regional Study Centre for Dardi Tradition
  3. A Cluster Model Village at Garkon to boost the cultural heritage of the Dard Aryans.
  • The tribe is already part of the Scheduled Tribes list and hence has been protected adequately under the constitution.
  • But the only way to sustain them is by giving them special status and helping make them self-sufficient so that they don’t have to migrate.

 

Source: The Indian Express

 

 

 

 

 

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