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iasparliament
January 05, 2019
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Yutu 2

  • China has named their lunar rover as ‘Yutu 2’.
  • The rover’s touchdown is part of China Chang’e-4 lunar probe.
  • It was successfully deployed to carry out a string of experiments on the unexplored far side of the moon.
  • The rover has been programmed to launch ground penetration radar that would help map the moon’s inner structures.
  • It would also analyse soil and rock samples for minerals, apart from activating.
  • China’s lunar probe is part of its ‘Made in China-2025’ project, which focuses on advanced technology, including space applications.
  • a radio telescope to search for possible signals from deep space.
  • Click here to know more about Chang’e 4 lunar space probe.

Menstrual Hygiene for Adolescent girls Scheme

  • Government of India is supporting the Menstrual Hygiene Scheme to address the need of menstrual hygiene among adolescent girls.
  • It is for adolescent girls residing primarily in rural areas.
  • Under this scheme funds are provided to States/UTs through National Health Mission.
  • The funds are for decentralized procurement of sanitary napkins packs for provision primarily to rural adolescent girls.
  • The napkins packs are provided at subsidized rates as per proposals received from the States and UTs in their Programme Implementation Plans.
  • This scheme encompasses the following:
  1. Increasing awareness among adolescent girls on Menstrual Hygiene
  2. Improving access to and use of high quality sanitary napkins by adolescent girls in rural areas.
  3. Ensuring safe disposal of Sanitary Napkins in an environmentally friendly manner.
  4. Provision of funds to ASHAs to hold monthly meeting with adolescents to discuss issues related to menstrual hygiene.
  • ASHAs across the country are trained and play a significant role in promotion of use and distribution of the sanitary napkins.
  • Department of Health Research, under the Ministry of Health, is involved in assessment of all newer, alternative, environment friendly menstrual hygiene products to look into their safety and acceptability features.

Commodity Exchanges

  • Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) directed commodity exchanges to disclose the turnover of various categories of participants like farmers, farmer producer organisations (FPOs), domestic financial institutional investors etc.,
  • The commodity market is a physical or virtual marketplace for buying, selling and trading raw or primary products.
  • Commodities are split into two types: hard and soft commodities.
  • Hard commodities are typically natural resources that must be mined or extracted (such as gold, rubber and oil),
  • Soft commodities are agricultural products or livestock (such as corn, wheat, coffee, sugar, soybeans and pork)
  • A commodities exchange is a legal entity that determines and enforces rules and procedures for the trading standardized commodity contracts and related investment products.
  • Commodities exchange also refers to the physical centre where trading takes place.

 

Source: PIB, The Hindu

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