Protectionism in the Stock Market

iasparliament
February 12, 2018
3 months
1016
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What is the issue?

  • Structural problems within India’s stock exchanges are causing trading in Indian derivatives to move offshore.
  • But rather than addressing them, BSE, NSE and MSE recently announced stopping data feed regarding Indian stocks and indices to overseas exchanges. 

What are the aspects that drove the move?

  • While foreign exchanges seem to be doing better at attracting new clients, India’s stock exchanges aren’t willing to compete.
  • Instead, they’ve resorted to protectionism to guard the home turf against foreign exchanges by resorting to data feed disruption.
  • They’ve spelt out their intention to not renew existing agreement with foreign exchanges regarding data-sharing, most of which will expire in 6 months
  • The reason stated is that offshore derivatives could be causing “migration of liquidity from India, which is not in the best interest of Indian markets”.
  • But in reality, higher volumes of Indian derivatives are trading in the offshore market than in domestic bourses, which has spooked Indian exchanges.
  • This crackdown on offshore derivatives market is hence more to boost the businesses of Indian exchanges than anything else. 
  • This move is also expected to benefit ambitious endeavours such as the “International Financial Services Centre” in Gujarat.

What are the structural issues in the Indian stock market?

  • Index derivatives such as the SGX Nifty that is linked to stocks that form Nifty, have gained the patronage of large foreign investors for many reasons.
  • These instruments are traded for longer hours in offshore exchanges, including hours when Indian exchanges are closed for business.
  • Contrarily, the proposal to extend trading hours by Indian stock markets has failed to take off.
  • Also, places like Singapore and Dubai, are low-tax jurisdictions that offer investors the chance to lower their transaction costs.
  • In India, in contrast, the securities transaction tax and the capital gains tax discourage foreign investment in financial assets.
  • All of these make the foreign exchanges more investor-friendly, and the fact that offshore derivatives are denominated in dollars adds to their allure.

What are the challenges?

  • Sustainability - Foreign bourses will find other ways to list derivatives linked to Indian stocks and indices without any help from Indian exchanges soon.
  • The present move, thus, is unlikely to rein in the vast offshore market for Indian derivatives.
  • Addressing Demand - Singapore Exchange Limited (SGX) had recently decided to introduce futures on individual stocks that are part of Nifty.
  • Incidentally, the SGX’s decision to introduce futures was spurred by the SEBI’s decision last year to restrict foreign investment in domestic futures.
  • While the current protectionism can be seen as a counter to this, it needs to be recognized that offshore markets are simply catering to the unmet demand.
  • Way Forward - India’s policymakers should hence address the structural problems that have caused trading in Indian derivatives to move offshore.
  • This would be a far better response than any knee-jerk response favouring domestic exchanges and also boost trading volumes and businesses.

 

Source: The Hindu

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