0.6439
x

WANTED

Full time Teaching
Faculty for Mathematics

Learn More

iasparliament
July 11, 2018
4 months
1930
0

What is the issue?

  • The United States has recently withdrawn from the United Nations Human Rights Council. Click here to know more
  • It is essential at this juncture to understand the role of the council in human rights issues. 

What is UNHRC?

  • The HRC was established in 2006 as part of the UN’s reform process.
  • It replaced the United Nations Commission on Human Rights.
  • UNHRC is an inter-governmental body within the United Nations system, made up of 47 States.
  • Members are elected by the UNGA with 3-year terms, with a maximum of 2 consecutive terms.
  • They are responsible for promotion and protection of human rights.
  • It meets 3 times a year to examine human rights violations worldwide.
  • Its resolutions are not legally binding but carry moral authority.

What is the concern?

  • The main criticism is that it is made up of states not known for their human rights records.
  • Many have, in fact, been violators of human rights.
  • Current members include Saudi Arabia, the Philippines, Pakistan, and the UK and a few elected based on geographic quotas.

Why is it still crucial?

  • HRC has a fair track record of taking up human rights agenda.
  • It has facilitated the evolution of human rights norms.
  • There are many less tangible gains from having such a body in place.
  • Resolutions adopted have highlighted rights violations, despite resistance by some members.
  • The situation in Syria, Yemen, Myanmar, and North Korea are few examples.
  • Issues that have been the source of much controversy have been addressed at the HRC, including LGBTIQ rights.
  • It is also a forum to monitor international obligations of a state based on international law.
  • HRC is thus an important component of the UN rights system.
  • Its sustenance with credibility is significant for handling global human rights issues.

 

Source: The Hindu, The Wire

 

Quick Facts

OHCHR

  • The role of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) is not to be confused with the HRC.
  • OHCHR is a separate institution which presents reports independent of the HRC.
  • E.g. the recent report on Kashmir
  • The HRC and the OHCHR have separate mandate and functions, but both are part of the UN system for human rights protection.
Login or Register to Post Comments
There are no reviews yet. Be the first one to review.

DATEWISE ARCHIVES - CURRENT AFFAIRS

MONTH/YEARWISE ARCHIVES