January 11, 2018
1 year

Politically powerful communities nurturing a sense of victimhood pose a serious challenge to India. Discuss how such competitive backwardness can be dealt with. (200 words)

Refer – The Hindu 

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IAS Parliament 1 year


Competitive backwardness

·        Different caste groups claiming backwardness.

·        It refers not only to more and more people wanting to claim backwardness, but also to more and more people claiming even greater backwardness.

·        The demand by powerful groups to be considered “backward” based on the narrative of deprivation and marginalisation continues to be a major challenge to India.

·        E.g. The recent agitations of Jats, Patels, Gujjars and Marathas, all of them being more powerful communities.

·        These claims for reservation and severe agitations are mostly a result of growth that has not been inclusive or accommodative.


·        Beyond reservation, there are lot to be done to make growth inclusive or accommodative.

·        Increase adequate vocational training schemes in the country which is lacking currently in India.

·        Complement welfare scheme like the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) with a bigger programme to train the young for employment.

·        Fill up the huge gap of well-qualified trainers to usher in quality education.

·        Technical training is also constrained by a small educational base – 70% of India’s workforce is without tertiary education.

·        Increase awareness among the people and improve the enrolment ratio.

·        Communities feeling marginalised because of a policy of reservation.

·        A robust caste census data would help in determining the economic status of various communities and to extend benefits to the needy.

RIAZ KHAN 1 year

pliz review. 

IAS Parliament 1 year

Good effort. Keep writing. 

Manav 1 year

Please review. 

IAS Parliament 1 year

Nicely written. Keep up the good work.

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