UPSC Prelims 2017 GS II Answer Keys

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June 18, 2017
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UPSC Prelims 2017 GS II Answer Keys (D Series)
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Adrian March 15, 2017 at 11:26 am

Excellent effort by Shankar IAS academy to bring out this key for the benefit of aspirants. First off, thank you very much.

I have a small clarification on a few questions. Nobody could be sure about anything in this years CSAT comprehension, we all know that. But we sure can discuss things till the results are out.

Question 4: It is about IMF.

Which among the following is the most logical, rational and critical inference that can be made from the above passage?

Answer in the key: D (As regards growth of productivity, the performance of Asian economies is not satisfactory)

Answer which may also be correct: A (Once a country reaches middle-income stage, it runs the risk of falling productivity which leads to stagnant income)

Reason: The growth of productivity is the main cause and not the effect.  The effect is stagnant income of middle-income countries. Sure, the productivity of Asian economies in not satisfactory, but it does not touch upon the critical inference of the passage. I may be wrong.

Question 24: Medium term challenge question

Which among the following is the most logical, rational and critical inference that can be made from the above passage?

Answer in the key: A (India’s GDP displays high value added and high productivity levels in medium tech and resource processing industries)

Answer which may also be correct: C (India should push up the public investments and encourage the private investments in research and development, technology upgradation and skill development)

Reason: The passage never mentions India's GDP to be of high value added and high productivity levels in medium tech and resource processing industry. At best, it says "Indian manufacturing is to move". The next best possible answer is definitely C, however far-fetched it may be, it could be the only logical and rational inference.


Question 41: We have hard work ahead.

The challenge the author of the above passage throws to the public is to achieve?

Answer in the key: B (equal privileges, fulfillment of destiny and political tolerance)

Answer which may also be correct: C (hard work, brotherhood and national unity)

Reason: The key word in the question is public. You are reading this and I am writing this (we are both public, right?). But are we the government? I am sure not. Only the government has the power to achieve equal privileges, the public has no such powers. The same is true about political tolerance. Can you and I be politically tolerant? Sure the passage mentions all of this, but by being specific about the public, it want's us to ignore these facts and look into what we could do. Also, "fulfillment of destiny" is an absurd statement.

Question 47: There is a modicum of truth in the assertion

With reference to the above passage, the following assumptions have been made:
1. A study of the famous battles of history would help us understand the modern warfare.
2. Studying the history is essential for anyone who aspires to be a leader.
Which of these assumptions is/are valid?

Answer in the key: B (2 only)

Answer which may also be correct: A (1 only)

Reason: When making assumptions and determining their validity in this kind of question we have to look at what is explicitly said in the passage, and how the assumptions or "answers" are worded.

#1 said "a study of the famous battles would help us understand modern warfare." Is this expressly supported by the passage? Yes. The writer specifically says that a study of historical battles can increase a person's understanding of what makes armies win or lose and avoid repeating those patterns that lead to defeat.

#2 said "Studying history is essential..." I'm going to stop there. Does anything in the passage say that it is essential? It says that it's beneficial, and one could perhaps even take a leap and say it's prudent. But at no point does the author say that failing to study history will necessarily result in being a poor leader. Consequently, assumption #2 is unsupported.

The answer is, therefore, A.

Adrian June 14, 2018 11:54 am

BTW I got question 47 wrong. I have argued against myself there.

Gopi Nath June 14, 2018 11:54 am

Even I have the same doubt regarding qno 4 &24

vijay June 14, 2018 11:54 am

Hi Adrian! I agree that this years's RC is subject to various interpretations, your points are well argued. If I may submit the following in the answer key's defense( I may be wrong too) 1)With regard to the IMF question. The passage talks about specifically, the fast growing economies of ASIA, with this in mind, the statement ' a country' seems to be too vague. The inference is critical because it identifies the underlying problematic aspect of Asian economies that deserves serious attention. 2) I think you are totally right about the medium term question, but maybe the panel at Shankar academy thought that 'C' was more of a corollary than an inference. Would love to hear your thoughts again.

Adrian June 14, 2018 11:54 am

Thanks for your comment Vijay. It makes a lot of sense. 1) a) The fast-growing economies of Asia are countries indeed. They cannot be anything else. I hope we are in the same plane on this. Now if I say "All Asians eat rice" is it possible for me to say "All people in Thailand eat rice" Yes my argument is valid. Thailand is 'a country'. A country is a subset which can never be vague and it is not an inference, it is given in the passage as I have argued above. b) "that deserves serious attention" is your inference, it is not mentioned in the passage. But still, I agree that "logical, rational and critical inference" is allowed and you are right in making that inference. However, the end of the passage (most of the times the start and end of the passage contains the key message) states that the broad overall cause is collapse in growth of productivity (as given in the option a), that it happens when a country reaches middle income stage (as given in option a). If we compare this with the fact that 'productivity of Asia is not satisfactory', it does not (in my perspective) encompass the whole passage and seems to be a generalist statement like choice b. Our boss UPSC will decide. 2) The question asks us about "the most logical and rational inference". Let's even assume they expect a corollary. The proposition is "India's GDP displays high value-added and high productivity levels in medium tech and resource processing industries". We will break that down, India's GDP displays high value-added in medium tech and resource processing industry (given in answer choice a) = India's manufacturing is to move from lower to higher value added sector, from lower to higher productivity sector (given in passage and it clearly displays low value add and low productivity at the moment). Medium tech industries are primarily capital-intensive and resource processing (given in passage with no reference to India, something we aspire to be? or is it displayed?). The proposition does not follow (I may be wrong again). Anyway, let's all chilll, enjoy the monsoon weather, and wait for the results with fingers crossed. I wish all the aspirants success. I know you are not worried about GS I this time. The suprises they spring at us and the egos they crush. I love UPSC. Over and out!

vijay June 14, 2018 11:54 am

Thanks for the reply Adrian! May I also say that it was well argued. The point is that some of the passages were so hair plucking subjective that the same person could argue as forcefully from either side. Option D suffers from the additional infirmity that it seems to refer to Asian Economies and not ' fast growing Asian Economies', furthermore it seems that their growth of productivity hitherto is not in unsatisfactory but is liable for a collapse in the near future . On the other hand-), with regard to option A , can we then assume a mechanical relation, universally applicable wherein once a country reaches the middle income stage , it ipso facto is at risk of falling into the middle income trap? Say, a steadily growing Latin American/ East European country reaches the middle income stage, with it's infrastructure , macro economic situation, institutions robust (thereby broadly /overall/in sum with good growth of productivity)...is it as risk to fall into the trap just because it has reached the middle income stage ? I agree with you entirely with respect to the other question. May the monsoon bring joy and comfort to all of us,irrespective. Regards.

vijay June 14, 2018 11:54 am

Sorry I am a little anal...I was just thinking about your analogy. Asia is a category (continent) that subsumes a smaller subset(a country like Thailand). So all ppl in asia eat rice--thailand is a country in asia--so Ppl in Thailand eat rice.--valid. But, All ppl in Thailand eat rice, Thailand is a country,ppl in all countries eat rice or thailand is at risk of falling into MIT,Thailand is a country, all countries are at risk of falling into MIT. Not sure that follows.

Parvathy March 15, 2017 at 11:26 am

Revised csat answer keys?

Rahul Yadav March 15, 2017 at 11:26 am

http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=92569

http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=106251

Shankar sir.. pls. consider these two pib articles for any modification in answer key. 

Subham Mondal March 15, 2017 at 11:26 am

nice

Abhinand March 15, 2017 at 11:26 am

Guys... answer to question number 53 in CSAT paper is not given by upsc. At 5'o clock , 5 strikes means 4 intervals which takes 12 seconds. For 1 interval it takes 3 seconds. At 10'o clock , 10 strikes means 9 intervals. Hence the correct answer is (9*3=)27 seconds. This is cross checked with VTR NAIDU sir also.