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iasparliament
May 15, 2019
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Why in news?

The Centre recently extended the ban on the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) for another 5 years under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967 (UAPA).

What is the UAP Act?

  • The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967 (UAPA) is India’s primary anti-terror law.
  • It provides for effective prevention of certain unlawful activities of individuals and associations.
  • It helps deal with terrorist activities, and for matters connected therewith.
  • Section 3 of the UAPA deals with the declaration of an association as unlawful.
  • It specifies that notifications by the government making such a declaration shall specify the grounds on which it is issued.
  • The notification shall also contain such other particulars as the Central government may consider necessary.

What is the recent decision?

  • The ban on LTTE is extended under sub-sections (1) and (3) of Section 3 of the UAPA with immediate effect.
  • The notification noted that LTTE's continued violent and disruptive activities are prejudicial to the integrity and sovereignty of India.
  • It continues to adopt a strong anti-India posture as also continues to pose a grave threat to the security of Indian nationals.
  • Organisations banned by the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) under Section 3 of the UAPA are listed in the First Schedule of the Act.
  • The latest version of the list contains 41 entries, including, apart from the LTTE, Khalistani terrorist organisations, Pakistan-based terror groups, Islamic State or Daesh, and Indian Mujahideen.
  • It also includes some Northeastern militant organisations, Kashmiri separatist organisations, Maoist groups, and the Students Islamic Movement of India (SIMI).

Who are the LTTEs?

  • The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) was founded in 1976 by Velupillai Prabhakaran.
  • The goal of the organisation was creating an independent Tamil Eelam out of Sri Lanka.
  • With this motive, the LTTE constantly clashed with the Sri Lankan military.
  • In the early 1980s, it launched a full-scale nationalist insurgency in the north and east of the country.
  • It carried out a string of major terrorist attacks against both military and civilian targets.

How has India and LTTE been?

  • India’s relationship with the LTTE had been complex.
  • It has ranged from providing support to the guerrillas initially to sending the Indian Peacekeeping Force (IPKF) to support Sri Lanka from 1987 to 1990.
  • The LTTE pioneered suicide bombing as a weapon of terror.
  • In 1991, an LTTE suicide bomber killed former Indian PM Rajiv Gandhi in an attack on Indian soil.
  • India first banned the LTTE after the assassination of Rajiv Gandhi; the ban was last extended for five years in 2014.

How is the terrorist orientation?

  • Among the other high-profile assassinations carried out by LTTE was that of the Sri Lankan President Ranasinghe Premadasa in 1993.
  • The LTTE is also said to have freely used women and children in combat.
  • At its peak, the LTTE covered over three-quarters of Sri Lanka’s northern and eastern provinces.
  • The organisation was finally crushed in a military offensive by the government of President Mahinda Rajapaksa in 2009.
  • The LTTE was designated as a terrorist organisation by 32 countries, including, besides India, the U.S., Canada, and the EU.
  • The US designated the LTTE as a Foreign Terrorist Organisation (FTO) in 1997.

 

Source: Indian Express

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