0.1359
900 319 0030
x

Foundational Literacy and Numeracy in Primary Schools

iasparliament Logo
November 16, 2022

Why in news?

With India’s 132nd rank out of 191 countries in the Human Development Index 2021, there is a need to focus on the nation’s education, especially the foundational literacy and numeracy in all primary schools.

What efforts were taken over the years?

  • International efforts - The 1990 World Declaration on Education for All at the Jomtien Conference affirmed the right of all people to education.
  • NEP 2020 - The National Education Policy (NEP), 2020 states that a National Mission on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy will be set up for attaining universal foundational literacy and numeracy in all primary schools.
  • It also aims to identify state-wise targets and goals to be achieved by 2025.
  • Role of civil societies- There are many innovations in the civil society space, such as by Gyan Shala, Saksham, the Central Square Foundation, Room to Read, and Akshara.

schooleducation

What are the challenges?

  • Communities view understaffed and ruined schools only as election booths.
  • Improvement in school infrastructure, uniforms, toilet access, water and textbook availability, classroom processes remain a challenge.
  • Lack of direct funds to schools, teacher vacancies, allocation of non-teaching tasks to teachers, etc. are other issues.
  • A systemic way of recruiting good teachers and establishing teacher development institutions is still absent.
  • Poor governance affects the effectiveness of face-to-face or digital teacher development initiatives like Nishtha, Pratham’s Read India campaign, etc.

What is the need of the hour?

  • Community connects - To achieve the objective of foundational literacy and numeracy in all primary schools, we need to focus on community connects and parental involvement.
  • The Panchayati Raj, Rural and Urban Development Ministries can work on community connect and make learning outcomes a responsibility of local governments.
  • Decentralisation of funds - Providing decentralised funds to schools with the community overseeing such funds may aid in achieving the NEP objective.
  • Use of technology - The Sampark Foundation uses audio battery-operated sound boxes and innovative teaching learning materials.
  • It has launched a TV, which helps teachers use lesson plans, content and activity videos and worksheets to make classes more interactive.

 

Quick facts

The Education for All Programme

  • Launched in 1990 with contributions from various foundations, international and non-governmental organizations, mass media and five intergovernmental agencies including the
    • United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
    • United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
    • United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
    • United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
    • World Bank
  • The International Consultative Forum on Education for All was established as an interagency body to guide and monitor follow-up actions to the World Conference in Jomtien.
  • The forum with its secretariat is located at UNESCO headquarters in Paris.

 

References

  1. The Hindu│ Where no child is left behind
  2. United Nations│Outcomes on Education
Login or Register to Post Comments
There are no reviews yet. Be the first one to review.

ARCHIVES

MONTH/YEARWISE ARCHIVES

Upsc Mains 2022