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December 18, 2020
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Why in news?

IIT’s are facing shortage of qualified faculty members.

Why there is shortage of faculties in IIT’s?

  • Last year, IIT Delhi had 30% deficit in its teacher ranks & currently in India 23 such institutes faces the same issue.
  • The number of students rose significantly after reservation was extended to students belonging to Other Backward Classes.
  • But recruiting the faculties should meet quota norms as mentioned in Central Educational Institutions (Reservation in Teachers’ Cadre) Act, 2019.
  • The act aims to fulfil the goal of affirmative action while making appointments.

What are the steps taken to address this issue?

  • A committee was formed by the Education Ministry to suggest effective implementation of reservation in central institutions.
  • It suggested that IITs should be exempted from the quota list.
  • Reservation should be provided to specified grades of assistant professors by taking the institution as a whole.
  • If suitable candidates are not available, the posts can be de-reserved in the subsequent year.

What is the way forward?

  • Compensatory discrimination in favour of some classes of citizens is necessary to correct historical distortions.
  • Massive investments should be in the education system & at all levels to raise the capability of students.
  • Government should sponsor a preparatory programme at the IITs for the eligible reserved candidates to get acquainted with high quality academic work.
  • They can optionally prepare for a PhD if they aspire to be teachers.
  • This will not only help to fill vacancies in the IITs but also aid the institutions to achieve research excellence.
  • To achieve progressive redistribution, equal opportunity & strong, liberal public school system should be provided.
  • This will strengthen diversity and lay the foundation for the kind of scholarship that institutions of excellence need.
  • An early decision must be taken by the government without sacrificing equity principles to address this issue.

 

Source: The Hindu

 

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