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Impact of Pandemic on Crimes and Suicides

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September 05, 2022

What is the issue?

Increase in violent crimes, suicides in NCRB’s Crime in India report 2021 points to indirect consequences of pandemic.

What is NCRB ?

  • Origin- The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) was established in 1986 with the aim of establishing a body to compile and keep records of data on crime.
  • Ministry- It functions under the Union Home Ministry.
  • Functions- Its functions include collection, coordination and exchange of information on inter-state and international criminals to the respective states.
  • NCRB also acts as a national warehouse for the fingerprint records of Indian and foreign criminals, and assists in locating interstate criminals through fingerprint search.
  • Reports of NCR
    • Crime in India
    • Accidental Deaths & Suicides in India (ADSI)
    • Prison Statistics India
    • Report on Missing Women and Children in India
    • Fingerprint in India

What is the status of violent crimes in India in 2021?

  • Registration in violent crimes such as rape, kidnapping, atrocities against children, robberies and murders increased in 2021 in comparison to the drop in 2020.
  • Overall crime rate- The overall crime rate (per 1 lakh people) decreased from 487.8 in 2020 to 445.9 in 2021.
  • Major crimes- Cruelty by husband or his relatives constituted 31.8% of crimes against women.
  • Chargesheeting and conviction rate- While violent crimes increased, the chargesheeting rate fell as did the conviction rate.
  • State wise data- Assam (76.6 violent crimes per one lakh people), Delhi (57) and West Bengal (48.7) had the highest numbers.
  • Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu registered the lowest numbers.
  • Safest city- Kolkata has emerged as the safest city in 2021 with the fewest cognisable offences recorded per lakh of its population.

 

What about the status of suicides?

  • Suicide rate- The report revealed that the suicide rate in the population in 2021 — 12 per one lakh people was the highest in the last five years.
  • Main reasons- Domestic problems (33.2%) and illnesses (18.6%).
  • Other causes- Drug abuse/addiction, marriage-related issues, love affairs, bankruptcy or indebtedness.
  • Victims- Most victims are daily wage earners (25.6%) and housewives (14.1%).
  • Region- Delhi saw a massive 24% jump in suicides, followed by Chennai and Bengaluru.

What does the report signify?

  • Domestic violence continues to be a major issue.
  • The decrease in crime rate is largely due to a decrease in cases registered under disobedience to a public servant’s order, relating to lockdowns.
  • The decrease in chargesheeting rate and conviction rate signifies the poor response of law enforcement in a year with more violent crimes.
  • The 5.9% jump in cases registered as cybercrimes over 2020 indicates the increasing use of digital devices and the related challenges.
  • With India registering the highest excess deaths during the pandemic, according to the World Health Organization, these figures are not surprising.

 

References

  1. https://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-opinion/a-revert-to-the-mean/article65839408.ece
  2. https://www.news18.com/news/india/10-rise-in-suicides-in-pandemic-daily-wage-earners-and-housewives-died-more-says-ncrb-report-4378400.html
  3. https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/explained-ncrbs-crime-india-report-read-findings-8121359/
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