0.1269
900 319 0030
x

Major Achievements of Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR) during 2016

iasparliament Logo
December 31, 2016

Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR) is an autonomous body under the Ministry of Science and Technology and the largest research and development (R&D) organization in India.

CSIR Achievements

  • CSIR’s Global positioning – CSIR has been ranked 12th in the world amongst the government institutions in the world, according to 2016 report of the Scimago Institutions Rankings.

Inventions in Strategic Sector

  • Drishti transmissometer – A visibility measuring system provides information to pilots on visibility for soft landing and take-off operation.
  • Head-Up-Display (HUD) – It is developed for Indian Light Combat Aircraft, Tejas to aid the pilot in flying the aircraft and critical maneuvers include weapon training.
  • Indigenous Gyrotron – Design and Development of Gyrotron for nuclear fusion reactor.

Energy and Environment sector

  • Solar tree – designed to occupy minimum space to produce clean power.
  • Lithium Ion Battery – India’s first lithium ion battery fabrication facility based on indigenous novel materials has been established.

Value added Agriculture

  • Samba Mahsuri Rice Variety – In collaboration with ICAR, an improved bacterial blight resistant Samba Mahsuri variety has been developed.
  • Rice Cultivar (Muktashree) – A rice variety which restricts assimilation of Arsenic.
  • White-fly resistant Cotton Variety – Development of transgenic cotton line which is resistant to whiteflies.

Healthcare

  • JD Vaccine for Farm Animals – Vaccine developed for Johne’s disease affecting sheep, goat, cow and buffalo so as to immunize them and increase milk and meat production.
  • Plasma Gelsolin Diagnostic kit to diagnose pre-mature birth and sepsis related deaths.
  • GOMED – Genomics and other omics technologies for Enabling Medical Decision has been developed which provides a platform of disease genomics to solve clinical problems.

Food & Nutrition

  • Ksheer-Scanner – A new technical invention to detect the level of milk adulteration and adulterants.
  • Anti-obesity DAG oil – oil enriched with Diacylglycerol (DAG) instead of conventional triacylglycerol (TAG).

Waste to Wealth

  • Non-toxic radiation shielding materials utilizing industrial waste like red mud (from aluminium industries) and fly ash (Thermal power plants) for application in diagnostic X-Ray rooms.


Category: Mains | GS-III | Science and Technology

Source: PIB

 

 

 

Login or Register to Post Comments
There are no reviews yet. Be the first one to review.

ARCHIVES

MONTH/YEARWISE ARCHIVES

Upsc Mains 2022