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Meta's AI Supercomputer

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March 11, 2022

Why in news?

Facebook-parent Meta announced that it is building an AI supercomputer, the AI Research SuperCluster (RSC) which will be the fastest supercomputer in the world once fully built by mid-2022.

What are supercomputers?

  • A supercomputer can perform high-level processing at a faster rate when compared to a normal computer.
  • Supercomputing is measured in floating-point operations per second (FLOPS).
  • Supercomputers are made up of  thousands of powerful machines which use better artificial intelligence (AI) models to improve operations  processing huge amounts of data in less time.
  • They work together to perform complex operations that are not possible with normal computing systems.
  • AI supercomputers are built by combining multiple graphic processing units (GPUs) into compute nodes, which are then connected by a high-performance network fabric to allow fast communication between those GPUs.

The National Supercomputing Mission (NSM) envisaged setting up a network of 70 high-performance computing facilities across academia and research institutes by 2022.

What is the RSC?

  • RSC is a powerful supercomputer that can perform tasks like translating text between languages and help identify potentially harmful content on Meta's platform.
  • It can run computer vision workflows up to 20 times faster.
  • It can train large-scale Natural Language Processing (NLP) models 3 times faster.
  • It can help its researchers build better AI models that can work across different languages, seamlessly analyse text, images and video together.
  • It also powers real-time voice translations to large groups of people speaking different languages so that they can collaborate on a research project, and develop new augmented reality tools.

ai-research-supercluster

What is the role of supercomputers and RSC in the metaverse?

  • The AI supercomputers will help build the foundation of metaverse to create AI agents in that environment for
    • rich user interaction
    • mimicking the real world
    • provide high-performance computing to specific tasks
  • Meta computes that RSC will pave the way toward building technologies for the metaverse where AI-driven applications and products will play an important role.
  • RSC can keep people safe in the metaverse through its training models that can detect harmful content faster than earlier systems.

What are the current challenges?

  • To fully realise the benefits of advanced AI self-supervised learning of various domains will require training large and complex models for critical use cases like identifying harmful content on Meta's platform.
  • Computer vision needs to process larger, longer videos with higher data sampling rates.
  • Speech recognition needs to work well even in challenging conditions with a lot of background noise and needs to understand more languages, dialects, and accents.
  • There are large-scale scientific problems that need the right level of depth, accuracy and speed which cannot be handled with the current generation of supercomputers.

 

Reference

  1. https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/technology/metas-ai-supercomputer/article65073934.ece

 

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