900 319 0030

Prelim Bits 13-11-2017

iasparliament Logo
November 13, 2017


  • Researchers have recently identified a peptide (biomarker) that could lead to the early detection of Alzheimer’s disease.
  • Biomarkers are indicators that help in determining the presence or severity of a disease.
  • The idea is to establish molecular signatures for complicated cases.
  • It is used to have a sound knowledge of the disease progression in different individuals suffering from the disease.
  • Alzheimer's is the most common form of dementia, a general term for memory loss.
  • It is a progressive disease, where dementia symptoms gradually worsen over a number of years.

Hausala 2017

  • Hausla 2017 is Child Rights Week.
  • It is being celebrated every year by the Ministry of Women and Child Development from 16th to 20th November, 2017.
  • It is the period between Children’s Day (14th November) and the International Child Rights Day (20th November)
  • It will host an Inter CCI Festival for the children who reside in Child Care Institutions (CCIs) to showcase their talents.
  • UNICEF will be supporting the event.

Clouded Leopard

  • A Bornean Clouded Leopard (Neofelisdiardi), found only on Borneo and Indonesia's Sumatra were recently captured during daytime as a rare sighting.
  • It is a wild cat belongs to genus Neofelis. The other genus belongs to same family is Sunda Clouded Leopard (Neofelisdiardi).
  • It is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List and listed in CITES Appendix I.
  • The range of the clouded leopard extends from Nepal on the Indian subcontinent to southern China and throughout South-East Asia.
  • Clouded Leopard National Park is a national park in the Sipahijola Wildlife Sanctuary in Tripura.
  • It is the state animal of the Indian state of Meghalaya.

Pacific Shadow zone

  • The shadow zone is an area of almost stagnant water sitting between rising currents caused by the rough topography and geothermal heat sources.
  • It is located at around 2km below the surface of the Indian and Pacific Oceans with barely any vertical movement that suspends ocean water in an area, leaving the region directly above isolated for centuries.
  • The oldest water in the ocean in the North Pacific has remained trapped in it.
  • It traps millennia old ocean water, nutrients and carbon which have a direct impact on the capacity of the ocean to modify climate over centennial time scales.


  • It is an autonomous organisation, drawing ideological inspiration from the RSS.
  • It sets up one-teacher schools across the country with a focus on rural and tribal areas.
  • It recently announced that such initiative will be extended to border areas.
  • The idea is to connect border areas with the national mainstream through education and better organize border villages which are vulnerable.
  • It will open 60 schools in the Lahul-spiti district of Himachal Pradesh as part of its initiative.

Kakatiya-era temple

  • The 800 year old Sri Kasi Visweswara Temple, belongs to the kakatiya period, is located in Medak district in Telangana.
  • The capital of kakatiya dynasty is Warangal.
  • Eastern Chalukyas preceded kakatiyas and Bahmani sultanate succeeded it which was subsequently conquered by Vijayanagar Empire and Delhi Sultanate in the later period.
  • Rudrama Devi of this dynasty reigned around 1262–1289 CE.
  • The archaeological department has excavated the parts of the temple that remained buried.


Source: The Hindu

Login or Register to Post Comments
There are no reviews yet. Be the first one to review.



Free UPSC Interview Guidance Programme