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Prelim Bits 26-01-2019

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January 26, 2019

National Voters Day

  • The National Voters’ Day (NVD) was celebrated all over the country on January 25.
  • It is celebrated every year since 2011.
  • The theme for NVD 2019 was ‘No Voter to be Left Behind’.
  • The day is to mark the Foundation day of Election Commission of India, which was established on 25th January 1950.
  • The main purpose of the NVD celebration is to encourage, facilitate and maximize the enrollment, especially for the new voters.
  • It is dedicated to the voters of the country.
  • The Day is utilized to spread awareness among voters for promoting informed participation in the electoral process.

Autonomous Council

  • The Union Cabinet has approved the constitutional amendment which seeks to increase the powers of the autonomous council recently.
  • The amendment to Article 280 and Sixth Schedule of the Constitution has been approved.
  • It will significantly improve the financial resources and powers of the autonomous districts councils in Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Tripura, fulfilling longstanding aspirations of the tribal population in these Northeastern states.
  • At least 1/3rd of the seats will be reserved for women in the village and municipal councils in the Sixth Schedule areas of Assam, Mizoram and Tripura.
  • At least two of the nominated members in all autonomous councils in the North East Sixth Schedule areas will also be reserved for women resulting in empowerment of women.
  • There will be State Election Commissions for holding elections to the autonomous councils, village and municipal councils in the areas of Assam, Mizoram and Tripura.
  • There will be a provision for anti-defection too.
  • Meghalaya has for the time being kept out of the purview of the provision for elected village and municipal councils and one-third reservations for women.


  • The union Minister for Civil Aviation and Commerce announced the results of  Phase 3 bidders under Ude Desh Ka Aam Naagrik (UDAN) Scheme
  • UDAN is an innovative scheme to develop the regional aviation market. It is a market-based mechanism in which airlines bid for seat subsidies.
  • This first-of-its-kind scheme globally will create affordable yet economically viable and profitable flights on regional routes so that flying becomes affordable to the common man.
  • It envisages providing connectivity to un-served and under-served airports of the country through revival of existing air-strips and airports.
  • The operators could seek a Viability Gap Funding (VGF) apart from getting various concessions.
  • The scheme also provides for various benefits including no airport charges and three-year exclusivity on the routes.
  • The States have a key role under the scheme. The selection of airports where UDAN would start would be done in consultation with State Government and after confirmation of their concessions.
  • The UDAN is likely to a give a major fillip to tourism and employment generation in the hinterland.


  • Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORISA) is a global scheme to address the increase in total CO2 emissions from international aviation above 2020 levels.
  • The aviation industry is committed to technology, operational and infrastructure advances to continue to reduce the sector's carbon emissions.
  • On average (2021-2035), flights subject to CORSIA's offsetting requirements will account for over 600 million tons of CO2 per year.
  • This makes CORSIA one of the largest carbon pricing instruments in the world in terms of greenhouse gas emissions coverage.
  • CORISA is expected to complement other planned measures such as:
  1. aircraft technology evolution
  2. operational improvements
  3. the greater use of sustainable aviation fuels.
  • On 2018, International Civil Aviation Organization adopted the international Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPs) for CORSIA.
  • The adoption of global standards for CORSIA will ensure the necessary level of uniformity in regulations which our industry needs.


Source : PIB, The Hindu, Business Standard

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