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Prelim Bits 12-04-2019

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April 12, 2019

Emigration Bill 2019

  • The draft Emigration Bill 2019 is released by the ministry of external affairs (MEA), and currently pending parliamentary approval.
  • It proposes a new legislative framework for matters related to emigration of Indian nationals.
  • It is set to replace the extant one under the Emigration Act of 1983.
  • The objective of the new legislation is to draw up appropriate regulations that would conform the contemporary global agenda on emigrant matters.
  • The 1983 Act, enacted in the specific context of large-scale emigration to the Gulf, falls short in addressing the wide geo-economic, geo-political and geo-strategic impact that emigration has today.
  • The draft bill proposes a three-tier institutional framework, with the MEA as the nodal ministry.
  • At the top, a central Emigration Management Authority (EMA) has been proposed for policy guidance and supervision.
  •  In the middle, a Bureau of Emigration Policy and Planning, and a Bureau of Emigration Administration shall handle day-to-day operational matters and oversee the welfare of emigrants.
  • At the bottom, nodal authorities in states and union territories shall coordinate aspects of management related to both emigrants and returnees.
  • This could allow vertical policy coherence on emigration matters—particularly in promoting and managing safe, orderly and regular emigration.

Great Indian Hornbill

  • The great hornbill is one of the larger members of the hornbill family, In India the bird is found in Western Ghats and in North-east India.
  • The bird is state bird of Kerala and Arunachal Pradesh.
  • Recently the bird was documented probably for the first time within Coonoor town in the Nilgiris.
  • The bird is known to populate the lower slopes of the Nilgiris up to an elevation of around 1,200 meters above mean sea level.
  • It is an elusive species which tends to steer clear of major towns and human habitations.
  • According to IUCN the Great Indian Horn bill is consider to be Vulnerable.
  • Every year in the month of December great Indian hornbill festival is celebrated in Nagaland.

                  

International Finance Corporation (IFC)

  • The International Finance Corporation (IFC) is an international financial institution that offers investment, advisory, and asset management services to encourage private sector development in developing countries.
  • It is a member of the World Bank Group and is headquartered in Washington, D.C., United States.
  • It offers an array of debt and equity financing services and helps companies face their risk exposures, while refraining from participating in a management capacity.
  • It advises governments on building infrastructure and partnerships to further support private sector development.
  • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

Candida Auris Fungus

  • Candida auris is a multiple drug resistance fungus that presents a serious global health threat to humans.
  • C. auris spread in hospitals, targeting people with weakened immune systems. and it is difficult to identify with standard lab methods.
  • Symptoms may not be noticeable, because patients infected with C. auris are often patients in the hospital with another serious illness or condition.
  • It can spread from one patient to another in healthcare settings through contact with contaminated environmental surfaces or equipment.

Source: PRS, The Hindu

1 comments
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K. V. A 3 years

IUCN website says Great Hornbill "Vulnerable". Please clarify

IAS Parliament 3 years

It is vulnerable. It used to be Near Threatened until 2017. Now it is vulnerable. Thanks for pointing out. Keep Following.

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