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Prelims bits 22-09-2017

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September 22, 2017

Molecular robot

  • Recently scientists have created the world’s first ‘molecular robot’ millionth of a millimetre in size.
  • To put that size into context, a billion of these robots piled on top of each other would still only be the same size as a single grain of salt.
  • These tiny robots can be programmed to move and build molecular cargo using a tiny robotic arm.
  • It can be used to build molecules and may help discover novel drugs.

Khelo India

  • The Cabinet committee on economic affairs has approved the revamp of the Khelo India.
  • It is a National Programme for Development of Sports, which aims to enable a pathway from schools to Olympics.
  • Earlier the initiative focussed on infrastructure development, it will ensure all-round growth in its revamped form.
  • Each athlete selected under the new scheme will get a scholarship of Rs.5 lakh per annum for eight years.
  • The government also aims to set up 20 universities across the country as hubs of sporting excellence.

Swachhta Pakhwada

  • Recently Ministry of Tourism planned to undertake Cleanliness campaign in selected tourist spots.
  • It is an environment awareness campaign under Swachh Bharat Mission.
  • It is for achieving total sanitization and cleanliness by October 2, 2019 under Swacch Bharat Mission.
  • Under the campaign a theme wise “Swachh Bharat Fortnight” is being organised by different Ministries.
  • It is a voluntary exercise and objective is to create awareness, target programmes, invite pledges, spending of CSR etc.
  • It has also been followed by private institutions and corporates groups.

Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS)

  •  NITI Aayog and the International Road Federation, Geneva (IRF Geneva) have signed a Statement of Intent (SoI) to cooperate in the field of Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS).
  • According to this statement, National Platform will be created and it will provide a coherent and consistent National ITS Policy covering domains such as traffic and parking management, enforcement, and security.
  • The objectives of this national ITS Policy will be to contribute to reducing urban traffic congestion, improving road safety, and improving the security of passenger and goods traffic.

Electric vehicles & last mile connectivity

  • Hyderabad Metro Rail Limited is planning to provide last mile connectivity to commuters through EVs.
  • This will ensure the comfort of commuters and reducing the carbon emissions.
  • This would be showcased when stretch of about 30 km of the 72-km-long elevated metro rail project gets commissioned in November 2017.

Young Entrepreneurs of TRIFED (YET)

  • Young Entrepreneur Development Programme of TRIFED plans to expand sale operations by empanelling young sales men/women.
  • These sales people will undertake house to house campaign for sale of tribal products.
  • They will be paid a commission of 10% on net sales.
  • By this revamped plan every tribal products will have a Tribal Craft Mark in form of hologram/ label/tag for its genuineness and authenticity.


  • It is a PSU under Ministry of Tribal Affairs.
  • Its objective is to promote tribal art and craft for the benefit of tribal artisans of the country
  • It works on the scheme Institutional Support for Development & Marketing of tribal products/produce.


Source: PIB, Indian Express, Business line







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