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Vacancies in Courts & Tribunals

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August 11, 2021

Why in news?

In recent days, the Supreme Court has voiced concerns over a large number of vacancies in High Courts and tribunals.

What are the Court’s observations?

  • Chief Justice of India confronted the Government with a list of 240 vacancies in various tribunals.
  • Many tribunals lack presiding officers, and recommendations made by selection committees have not been acted upon.
  • The vacancies in High Courts are at a staggering 455, as on 1st August, 2021.
  • Even after the Court orders fixing time-frames for the Intelligence Bureau and the Government to process names forwarded by the Collegium, the centre has not acted on it.
  • This is adversely affecting the adjudication of commercial disputes.

What are the concerns?

  • The jurisdiction previously exercised by High Courts is now being exercised by the tribunals.
  • But the government seems to be undermining their independence by repeatedly framing rules that seek to provide for greater executive control over the tribunals.
  • Also, tribunals were created for specialization, domain expertise and relatively quicker adjudication.
  • These purposes of the tribunals are lost if these bodies have a large number of vacancies.
  • The Union government is also reluctant to create a national body for overseeing the appointment of members on tribunals as well as their appraisals.


Source: The Hindu

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