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06/10/2020 - International Relations

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October 06, 2020

An India that puts its interests above the Non-Aligned Movement will find coalitions like the Quad critical for its international prospects. Examine (200 Words)

Refer - The Indian Express

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IAS Parliament 11 months


·         Few of Delhi’s bilateral relations get as much attention as its growing engagement with Washington and none of its many global groupings generate as much political heat as the so-called Quad — the quadrilateral framework that brings India together with the US and its Asian allies, Japan and Australia.

·       The Quad, whose foreign ministers are meeting today in Tokyo could certainly emerge, at some point in the future, as a critical element not only for India’s foreign and security policy but also a definitive moment in the evolution of post-War Asian economic and security architectures.

·       Although they have a negative connotation in our foreign policy discourse, alliances are very much part of statecraft and as old as war and peace. They are a means to enhance one’s power. They are about deterring or defeating one’s adversaries.

·       Alliances figure prominently in India’s ancient strategic wisdom embodied in the Mahabharata, the Panchatantra and the Arthashastra. Contemporary Indian domestic politics is always about making and unmaking alliances — between different castes and communities. Yet, when it comes to India’s foreign policy, alliances are seen as a taboo.

·       Unlike Communist China, a democratic India can’t be brutally transactional about its external partnerships. But Delhi could certainly learn from Beijing in not letting the theological debates about alliances cloud its judgements about the extraordinary economic and security challenges India confronts today.

·       The infructuous obsession with non-alignment diverts Delhi’s policy attention away from the urgent task of rapidly expanding India’s national capabilities in partnership with like-minded partners. An India that puts its interests above the doctrine will find coalitions like the Quad critical for its international prospects.



Aradhana Tiwari 1 year

The recent Quad members meeting in Tokyo(Japan), has given a signal about emergence of QUAD- as a definitive moment in the evolution of post-War Asian economic and security architectures.

         The Indian endorsement of "Quad" has led to a debate -whether India has abandoned its traditional non-aligned foreign policy in order to embrace a strategic formulation such as the Quad. 

This can be explained in following ways :

- India's approach to Quad denotes New Delhi’s strategic outreach to position itself better in a liberal-order framework, by focusing on "issue-based coalitions in pursuit of shared interests".

- It also provided an opportunity to “likeminded” nations to become ambitious in the high seas, air space and in maintaining a rules-based, free and open Indo Pacific.

- The significance of “inclusiveness” in the Indian narrative indicates that the Indian perspective on the Quad does not necessarily run into the Chinese wall, rather a "rules based" and a “free and open” Indo-Pacific, despite New Delhi’s concerns about a stronger Chinese maritime presence in the IOR.

>>> Conclusion : 

Quad becomes critical in India's international prospects as in future, the Quad can be expected to move closer on issues like maritime domain awareness, logistics and interoperability with the added dimension of space-based information pooling, Artificial Intelligence in the military domain and surveillance technologies- a promising area of cooperation, and the need of the hour. 

IAS Parliament 1 year

Good attempt. Keep Writing.

Vinith 1 year

Please review



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