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January 10, 2022

Analyse the population outlook of the country in the context of National Family Health Survey – 5.  (200 Words)

Refer - Indian Express           

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IAS Parliament 14 days


·        The recent National Family Health Survey (NFHS-5, 2019-21) has shown that fertility continues to decline in India.

·        From an estimated TFR of around 6 in 1951, the rate declined to 5.2 in 1971, 3.6 in 1991 and 2.4 in 2011, according to the SRS report 2018

·        The TFR in UP was higher than in Bihar until about 2000. Since then, the TFR declined at a faster pace in UP.

·        Family planning and maternal and child health (MCH) programmes, as well as improvement in women’s status, are known to be major drivers of fertility decline.

·        The percentage of adult literate women is 57.8 in Bihar and 66.1 in UP, compared to 71.5 in India. Women with 10 or more years of schooling are 28.8 per cent in Bihar and 39.3 per cent in UP compared to 41.0 per cent in India.

·        The estimates for sex ratio at birth (SRB), the number of girls per 1,000 boys, vary. The SRS report 2018 had estimated that it declined from 906 in 2011 to 899 in 2018. However, NFHS-4 estimated it to be 919 in 2015-16.

·        Bihar and Uttar Pradesh need to strengthen their family planning and maternal and child health programmes as well as improve women’s status to bring TFR to replacement level or below.


Hina Katariya 14 days

Please review

IAS Parliament 14 days

Try to bring coherence in the answer. Keep Writing.

Cibi Siddharth 14 days

kindly review and provide suggestions sir/mam

IAS Parliament 14 days

Good attempt. Keep Writing.

K. V. A 14 days

Kindly review

IAS Parliament 14 days

Good attempt. Keep Writing.

Raj 14 days

Kindly review,Thanks

IAS Parliament 14 days

Good attempt. Keep Writing.

Raj 13 days




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