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October 28, 2020
1 month

Why is there a long downtrend observed in the proportion of job-holders among Indian women? Examine (200 Words)

Refer - Livemint

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IAS Parliament 6 days


·       The viral outbreak has exacted a heavy toll and thwarted our chance of achieving that ambitious target is undeniable. But what is less talked about is the opportunity cost we bear from having too low a proportion of women at work.

·       According to World Bank data, that rate hovered above 30% after India’s economy opened up in 1991, and then peaked at 31.8% in 2005, before slipping to 20.3% this year—among the lowest in the world.

·       Though there has been the odd report of a trend reversal in recent years and months, attributable to a broad crunch in job availability since 2017 and worsened by our covid crisis, there is no getting away from the need to intervene in favour of raising female participation in the economy.

·       As our government weighs a proposal to raise the age after which women can legally marry from 18 to 21, it is tempting to view such a move as a spur for greater female work participation through extended education and an associated delay in child-bearing. Yet, even the current age law is weakly followed.

·       According to Unicef, with over 100 million females who got married before turning 15, India has more children in wedlock than any other nation. So, while longer educational exposure afforded by an upward age revision could help the cause, we also need an effective social campaign that directly addresses hold-backs.

·       Without a shift in India’s observable preference for male offspring, for example, raising women’s minimum age of marriage might perversely also raise the perceived “burden" of a girl child among some families, pushing them to either opt for pre-natal sex selection or flout India’s marital age bar. Social reforms and better law enforcement have far bigger roles to play.

kavitha 1 month

Please review..

IAS Parliament 1 month

Try to bring coherence in the answer by interconnecting the apsects mentioned in the answer. Keep Writing.

kavitha 1 month

sure sir. will try to improve

Harsh 1 month

Please review

IAS Parliament 1 month

No need to mention about the indicators of the index, try to include data to support your answers. Keep writing.


sir please review

IAS Parliament 1 month

Good attempt. Keep writing.

vivek attri 1 month

Please review

IAS Parliament 1 month

Try to underline key points and include about data on women labour force participation rate. Keep Writing.

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