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Daily Mains Practice Questions 25-01-2023

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January 25, 2023

General Studies – II

 Education

1) Developing inclusive and accessible schools is a better way to overcome various types of challenges in schools. Examine (200 Words)

Refer - The Hindu

 

Government Policies

2) A new approach is required for data protection among minors in the country. Do you agree with this view? Comment (200 Words)

Refer - Business Line

 

General Studies – III

Economy

3) Greater trade ties with the Gulf countries will offer immense benefits for India. Analyse in the context of energy security. (200 Words)

Refer - Business Line

 

Enrich the answer from other sources, if the question demands.

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IAS Parliament 1 year

1) KEY POINTS

·        A UNESCO 2019 report mentioned that CWD comprise 1.7% of the total child population in India (Census 2011).

·        As they are faced with physical, institutional, socioeconomic and communication barriers from an early age, more than 70% of five-year-olds with disabilities in India.

·        To motivate all children to meaningfully participate in all indoor and outdoor activities without barriers or limitations, the school ecosystem has to be made safe, accessible, and reliable.

·        The lack of teaching and learning practices that integrate inclusive technologies and digital equipment to engage the child, such as assistive devices, are additional challenges.

·        School management authorities added that if such provisions are maintained regularly and adequate funding is provided for the construction of new infrastructure, we would have accessible places.

·        The cooperation, involvement, and sensitisation of parents and caregivers, teachers, school management authorities, and the local government departments are required so that all these barriers are actively addressed.

·        India ratified the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Aligning with this commitment, the government launched the Accessible India Campaign (Sugamya Bharat Abhiyan) in 2015.

·        With the realisation of such an approach, removing the barriers to accessibility in schools will be an uphill battle, but not an insurmountable one.

 

2) KEY POINTS

·        The draft Digital Personal Data Protection (DPDP) Bill, 2022 currently provides for mandatory parental consent for all data processing activities by children, defined as any person aged under 18 years.

·        In a country with low digital literacy, where parents in fact often rely on their children (who are digital natives) to help them navigate the Internet, this is an ineffective approach to keep children safe online.

·        For example, Instagram is, strictly speaking, a social media platform, but is regularly used as an educational and professional development tool by millions of artists around the world.

·        Another issue in the current draft of the DPDP Bill is that each platform will have to obtain ‘verifiable parental consent’ in the case of minors.

·        This provision, if enforced strictly, can change the nature of the Internet as we know it. Since it is not possible to tell if the user is a minor without confirming their age, platforms will have to verify the age of every user.

·        The government will prescribe later whether verifiability will be based on ID-proof, or facial recognition, or reference-based verification, or some other means.

·        This relaxation in age of consent in tandem with the risk mitigation approach elucidated above will achieve protection for children online while allowing them access.


3) KEY POINTS

·        Despite the Gulf region being home to the largest Indian expatriate community with long-standing relations, its enormous economic potential remains unexplored.

·        India’s trade deficit with GCC soared from $13.4 billion in 2016-17 to $66.8 billion in 2021-22.

·        Petroleum and petroleum products are among India’s top imports from GCC accounting for 66 per cent of its total imports of $119 billion in 2021-22.

·        However, owing to a revival in oil prices in 2022, the World Bank expects the economies of GCC to expand by 6.9 per cent in 2022, before moderating to 3.7 per cent and 2.4 per cent in 2023 and 2024.

·        India offers a lot of complementarities in trade with GCC countries, as these nations provide for India’s energy security, while India ensures their food security.

·        Besides, India, the world’s fastest growing and vast market of 1.4 billion people, offers immense economic opportunities.

·        In view of the tremendous potential for trade, India and the GCC need to go beyond the traditional Free Trade Agreement (FTA) and include investments and services as a part of comprehensive economic partnership.

·        In a rapidly emerging multipolar world, early and effective implementation of CEPAs would provide a boost to India and GCC countries.

 

PANDI SANTHOSH RAJA S 1 year

KINDLY REVIEW

IAS Parliament 1 year

Good attempt. Keep Writing.

PANDI SANTHOSH RAJA S 1 year

KINDLY REVIEW

IAS Parliament 1 year

Good attempt. Keep Writing.

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