Investing in Financial Assets – Reluctance of Indians

iasparliament
August 29, 2017
3 months
1156
1

Why in news?

A new RBI study has elaborated on India’s inertia to move towards investments in financial assets.

What are the findings?

  • “Expert committee on household finances”, commissioned by the RBI had recently published its findings. 
  • It has discovered that Indian households across the spectrum avoid financial products and sit on unproductive physical assets due to cultural reasons.
  • Indians have 95% of their wealth parked in physical assets (77% in property, 7% in durables and 11% in gold), with only 5% in financial products.
  • It has also been established that this doesn’t materially change with affluence or age.
  • Also, very few Indians are investing towards retirement, with 77% of the households failing to plan for pension.
  • These findings call for a reboot in the current policy approach towards savings and investment products.

What is the status of the current efforts in this regard?

  • Even with vastly improved access to financial products under the PM Jan Dhan Yojana, Jeevan Jyoti Yojana and the Atal Pension Yojana, savers shy away from financial products.
  • This is majorly due to the high transaction costs, unpredictable income streams of the majority and lack of trust.
  • Hence, most households still lean on informal sources for emergency loans at high costs.

What are some solutions given by the report?

  • Creation of a unified financial regulator
  • Aadhaar-based unified eKYC for easy on-boarding to schemes
  • Promotion of no-frills general insurance
  • Easier terms for gold monetisation and reverse mortgage
  • Use of technology for financial advice and
  • Removal of tax breaks on property investments (to discourage physical investments)

What are the challenges?

  • While these recommendations are sensible, their implementation is unlikely to prove easy.
  • The idea of an umbrella financial regulator has been gathering dust as individual regulators have been reluctant to cede turf.
  • A unified KYC and a common demat account across stocks, mutual funds and insurance has been hanging fire for many years now.
  • Financial firms also seem quite content to cater to affluent, repeat customers, rather than tap the bottom of the pyramid.
  • Poor internet connectivity and low digital literacy have proven impediments to going paperless.

How does the future look?

  • As the working age population is projected to swell over the next decade, higher demand for both housing and gold is expected.
  • Also, we are staring at a pension crisis with the elderly cohort touted to expand by 75% in the next 15 years.
  • Identifying the problem is half the solution, and this report does just that.

 

Source: Businessline

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