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RBI New Norms for Stressed Assets

iasparliament
June 08, 2019
3 months
1343
0

Why in news?

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has issued a new prudential framework for resolution of stressed assets.

What are the highlight provisions?

  • The central bank has made it voluntary for lenders to take defaulters to the bankruptcy court i.e. to use the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code.
  • The norms give lenders 30 days to start working on a resolution plan from the day of default.
  • [Earlier norms, struck down by the Supreme Court, stipulated that even a one-day default must be reported and acted upon.]
  • A lender will now have to set aside -
    1. 20% more provisions if the plan is not implemented within 210 days from the date of default
    2. 35% if the plan is not implemented within 365 days of default
  • Besides, the new norms said that wherever necessary, the RBI will direct banks to start insolvency proceedings for specific defaults.
  • The lenders may also choose to initiate legal proceedings for either insolvency or recovery.
  • Meanwhile, the norms put in place penal provisions, for lenders, for resolution plans that are not implemented.
  • The RBI circular also mandated signing of the inter-creditor agreement by all lenders.
  • The RBI said that lenders must put in place board-approved policies for resolution of stressed assets.
  • This must include the timelines for resolution.
  • RBI said that it ideally expects lenders to initiate the process of implementing a resolution plan (RP) even before a default.
  • During 30 days review period, lenders may decide on the resolution strategy.
  • These include the nature of the RP and the approach for implementation of the RP.
  • Here, the review period for defaulters of Rs.2,000 crore and above will start immediately.
  • And that for defaulters between Rs. 1,500 crore and less than Rs. 2,000 crore will start only from 1 January 2020.
  • The framework now applies to a larger universe of lenders including small banks and non-banking finance companies (NBFCs).
  • This essentially means that the lenders will also have to follow the early stress recognition guidelines of RBI.
  • These specify that borrowers must be categorized into special mention accounts based on their delay in repayment, which are:
    1. special mention account-0 (SMA-0) loans, where the repayment overdue is between 1-30 days
    2. SMA-1 where the repayment overdue is between 31-60 days
    3. SMA-2 where the repayment overdue is between 61-90 days

 

Source: Livemint

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