0.2577

India China - Masood Azhar Issue

iasparliament
February 08, 2017
3 years
2443
0

Why in news?

U.S moved a proposal at the U.N.’s Sanctions Committee 1267, to designate Pakistan-based Masood Azhar as a global terrorist.

Who is Massod Azhar?

  • Masood Azhar is the founder and leader of terrorist group Jaish-e-Mohammed, active mainly in the Pakistani administered Azad Kashmir.
  • India holds Azhar responsible for many terrorist acts in India including the 2nd January 2016 attack on the Pathankot airbase.

Why is China opposing the move?

China was the only country among the 15-member UN Security Council to oppose the ban on Azhar. Even Saudi Arabia backed India. The possible reasons for chinas’s opposition are,

  • China and Pakistan are “all-weather friends”. Therefore Beijing’s wants to keep its ally in South Asia in good terms.
  • Pakistan is supporting China within groupings like the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation and others like the Non-Aligned Movement where China has no representation. Therefore this could be payback.
  • China also wants to strengthern its relation with Pakistan because of its key role in China’s One Belt One Road plans.
  • China sees India’s growing proximity to the US as a major challenge and this could be a retaliation.
  • This also could be counter measure against India for sheltering Dalai Lama.

What is the current proposal?

  • In December 2016, India’s efforts to get Azhar banned by the U.N. were blocked by China.
  • The current proposal by US said that JeM is a designated terror outfit and so its leaders should be banned and the proposal is supported by the U.K. and France.
  • But China opposed and put an hold on the U.S.’ move.
  • The “hold” remains for six months and can be further extended by three months.
  • During this period, it can anytime be converted into a “block,” thereby, ending the life of the proposal.
  • Therefore, India has said that the matter has been taken up with the Chinese government.

What is UNSC 1267 Committee?

  • The UNSC 1267 Committee was established as a result of resolution 1267 (1999).
  • It is also known as the AlQaida and Taliban Sanctions Committee.
  • The Committee comprises all 15 members of the UNSC and decides unanimously and secretly.
  • It was established for the purpose of overseeing the implementation of sanctions measures imposed on Taliban-controlled Afghanistan for its support of Osama bin Laden.
  • Eventually it has been modified and strengthened by subsequent resolutions.
  • Now, if an individual or an organisation is included in the list, it helps in restricting their movement, financial penalties and assets freeze among others. 

 

Source: The Hindu & The Indian Express

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