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Protest against Kerala’s SilverLine project

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January 31, 2022

What is the issue?

Despite protests against Kerala’s SilverLine project Kerala government remains firm on implementing the project.

What is the SilverLine project?

  • The proposed 529 km SilverLine is a semi high-speed railway project executed by the Kerala Rail Development Corporation Limited (KRDCL) at a cost of over Rs 63,000 crore.
  • It will link Thiruvananthapuram in the south to Kasaragod in the north. The deadline for the project is 2025.
  • It covers 11 districts through 11 stations. One can travel from Kasaragod to Thiruvananthapuram in less than four hours at 200 km/hr.
  • On the existing Indian Railways network, it now takes 12 hours.
  • KRDCL, or K-Rail, is a joint venture between the Kerala government and the Union Ministry of Railways created to execute big railway projects.
  • The line is expected to be constructed using equity funds from the Kerala government, the Centre and loans from multilateral lending agencies.

What are its key features?

  • According to K-Rail, the project will have trains of electric multiple unit (EMU) type, each with preferably nine cars extendable to 12.
  • A nine-car rake can seat a maximum of 675 passengers in business and standard class settings.
  • The trains can run at a maximum speed of 220 km/hr on a standard gauge track
  • At every 500 metres, there will be under-passages with service roads.
  • The Cochin International Airport Limited (CIAL) has offered one acre for the station there.

What are the benefits of the project?

  • Take a significant load of traffic off the existing stretch.
  • Make travel faster for commuters
  • Reduce congestion on roads and help reduce accidents.
  • Reduce greenhouse gas emissions,
  • Expansion of Ro-Ro services
  • Produce employment opportunities
  • Integrate airports and IT corridors
  • Enable faster development of cities it passes through.

Why are there protests against the project?

  • Various Political parties as well as citizen outfits such as K-Rail SilverLine Viruddha Janakeeya Samiti have been spearheading separate protests.
  • Though the project will upgrade the railway infrastructure, people raise the following concerns
    • financial viability.
    • Affordability of the train service given the cost of building it
    • debt-ridden nature of state economy.
    • environmental and social impact.
    • ecological cost at a time the state is tackling climate change.
    • the route cuts through precious wetlands, paddy fields and hills.
    • Displacement of over 30,000 families.
    • Rehabilitation of people.
    • Building embankments on either side of the line will block natural drainage and cause floods during heavy rains.
    • Lack of consultation.
  • Despite these protests Kerala government remains firm on implementing the project.

Where does the project stand now?

  • The Cabinet gave its approval in June this year.
  • The state government has begun the process of land acquisition.
  • Out of 1,383 hectares needed to be acquired, 1,198 hectares will be private land.
  • The Cabinet has also approved administrative sanction of Rs 2,100 crore from the Kerala Infrastructure Investment Fund Board (KIIFB), the central investment arm of the government.
  • The Centre has only given an in-principle approval to the project.
  • A detailed project report (DPR) was released by the government following demands by opposition parties and activists.



  1. https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/kerala-silverline-project-features-protests-7748591/
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