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Daily Subject wise Quiz Day 112 Environment XIII ( Online Prelims Test)

1) Consider the following statements with respect to National Green Tribunal (NGT)

  1. It is a constitutional body which is established by amending the Article 51-A in 1978.
  2. It is not bounded by Code of Civil Procedure, 1908, but shall be guided by principles of natural justice.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  • a. 
  • b. 
  • c. 
  • d. 
Answer : b

National Green Tribunal (NGT)

  • The National Green Tribunal (NGT) is a statutory body that was established in 2010 by the National Green Tribunal Act.
  • It was set up to handle cases and speed up the cases related to environmental issues.
  • The Tribunal shall not be bound by the procedure laid down under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908, but shall be guided by principles of natural justice.
  • New Delhi is the Principal Place of Sitting of the Tribunal and Bhopal, Pune, Kolkata, and Chennai shall be the other 4 places of sitting of the Tribunal.

2) Which of the following statements is/are correct about Animal Welfare Board of India

  1. It is a statutory body established under the prevention of cruelty to animals act 1960 in 1962.
  2. The nodal ministry of the board is the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.

Select the correct answers using the codes given below

  • a. 
  • b. 
  • c. 
  • d. 
Answer : c

Animal Welfare Board of India

  • It is a statutory body established under the prevention of cruelty to animals act 1960 in 1962.
  • It's an advisory body of the Government of India on animal welfare laws. Hence statement 1 is incorrect.
  • It consists of 28 members who serve for a term of 3 years.
  • The nodal ministry of the board is the Ministry of Environment and Forest.
  • Its headquarters is in Ballabgarh in the Faridabad district of Haryana.

3) Consider the following statements with respect to National Ganga River Basin Authority

  1. It is responsible for the implementation of the national mission for Clean Ganga.
  2. One of the Chief Ministers of the States through which the Ganga flows becomes the Chairman of NGRBA on rotation basis.

Which of the above statements is/are incorrect?

  • a. 
  • b. 
  • c. 
  • d. 
Answer : b

National Ganga River Basin Authority

  • The national Ganga river basin authority was replaced by the National Ganga Council under River Ganga (Rejuvenation, Protection, and Management) Authorities Order, 2016.
  • The National Ganga Council is chaired by the Prime Minister and the Union Minister for JalShakti is its vice-chairperson.
  • It is responsible for the implementation of the national mission for Clean Ganga.

4) Which of the following statements is/are correct about National Biodiversity Authority (NBA)

  1. It is a statutory autonomous-s body under the Ministry of Environment regulates sustainable use of biological resources.
  2. It checks the biopiracy and protects the indigenous and traditional genetic resources.

Select the correct answers using the codes given below

  • a. 
  • b. 
  • c. 
  • d. 
Answer : c

National Biodiversity Authority NBA

  • National Biodiversity Authority NBA checks the biopiracy and protects the indigenous and traditional genetic resources.
  • National Biodiversity Authority is a statutory autonomous-s body under the Ministry of Environment, established in 2003 to implement the provisions under the National Biological Diversity Act, 2002.
  • Headquartered in Chennai and India.
  • It acts as a facilitating regulating and advisory body to the Government of India on issues of conservation, sustainable use of biological resources.

5) Which of the following statements is/are correct about Ramsar Convention

  1. According to the convention Wetlands refer to the transitional areas between the terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems.
  2. It is mandatory for any state which has signed the convention to protect and conserve all the wetlands in their respective territories.

Select the correct answers using the codes given below

  • a. 
  • b. 
  • c. 
  • d. 
Answer : a

Ramsar Convention

  • Ramsar Convention was signed in 1971 in the Iranian city of Ramsar and is one of the oldest inter-governmental accord for preserving the ecological character of wetlands.
  • Article 4 of the Ramsar Convention states that "Each Contracting Party shall promote the conservation of wetlands and waterfowl by establishing nature reserves on wetlands, whether they are included in the List or not, and provide adequately for their wandering."
  • It is not mandatory on the part of the Government of India to protect and conserve all the wetlands in the territory of India.
  • Wetlands refer to the transitional areas between the terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems.
  • The Wetlands (Conservation and Management) Rules, 2010 was notified by the Ministry of Environment and Forest to ensure better conservation and management and to prevent degradation of existing wetlands in India.
  • However, it was not framed on the basis of recommendation of Ramsar Covention.
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