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Role of G20 in Promoting Blue Economy

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March 28, 2023

Why in news?

India’s G20 presidency would play an important role in promoting individual and collective actions to facilitate the transition towards a sustainable blue economy

What is blue economy?

  • According to the World Bank, the blue economy is the "sustainable use of ocean resources for economic growth, improved livelihoods, and jobs while preserving the health of ocean ecosystem
  • The term ‘blue economy’ includes not only ocean-dependent economic development but also inclusive social development and environmental and ecological security.


What is G20?

  • The Group of Twenty (G20) is the premier forum for international economic cooperation.
  • G20 plays an important role in shaping and strengthening global architecture and governance on all major international economic issues.
  • India holds the Presidency of the G20 from 1 December 2022 to 30 November 2023.

The G20 countries together account for around 45% of the world’s coastlines and over 21% of the exclusive economic zones (EEZs)

Why the blue economy needs to be protected?

  • Intensifying extreme weather events
  • Ocean acidification and sea level rise
  • Growing marine pollution
  • Over-extraction of resources and unplanned urbanization.
  • Marine pollution may have ripple effects across the globe.

What initiatives were taken to promote blue economy?

  • Sagarmala initiative - Promotes port-led development
  • The Shipbuilding Financial Assistance Policy –Encourages domestic ship-building
  • Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana – Promotes ‘blue revolution’ through sustainable and responsible development of the fisheries sector
  • The Deep Ocean Mission - Explores deep-sea resources in the exclusive economic zones (EEZ) and continental shelf as well as development of technology for harnessing them
  • Coastal Regulation Zone notification -To classify and better manage coastal regions and conserve ecologically sensitive coastal and marine areas including ecosystems
  • Plastic Waste Management Rules (2022) Banned select single-use plastic items and introduced policies for extended producer responsibility in waste management

What is the role of India’s G20 Presidency in promoting blue economy?

  • The aim is to promote adoption of high-level principles that guide sustainable and equitable economic development through the ocean and its resources
    • This approach is consistent with Mr. Modi’s call for the global adoption of ‘Lifestyle for the Environment’ that promotes mindful utilization over mindless consumption patterns.
  • India’s G20 presidency would play an important role in promoting individual and collective actions to facilitate the transition towards a sustainable blue economy
  • The blue economy is articulated as a key priority area under the Environment and Climate Sustainability Working Group

What initiatives were taken by G20 towards blue economy?

  • Osaka Blue Ocean Vision -Aims to reduce the additional pollution by marine plastic litter to zero by 2050 through a comprehensive life-cycle approach
  • Coral Research and Development Accelerator Platform(CORDAP) - CORDAP was launched in 2020
  • It will bring together the best minds worldwide to accelerate the development of new technologies that support international coral conservation efforts
  • Ocean 20(O20) -The O20 will provide a platform for G20 countries political leaders, local and indigenous communities, civil society and private sector, to advance action for ocean solutions
  • The O20 is led by Indonesia through their 2022 presidency of G20 with the support of the World Economic Forum



  1. The Hindu │Sustainable Blue Economy
  2. UN │ Osaka blue ocean  
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